Thursday, 28 October 2010

What's in a name?

Looking at the figures for the pilgrims arriving in Santiago I was struck by the fact that people from every part of Spain walk the pilgrimage route.My ear is not yet attuned to their many accents and dialects but what I can recognise is when they are speaking in different languages. They say that a nation’s culture is defined by their language. That is true in Spain as in many other countries. Although Castellano is the “official” language of Spain, what we would know as “Spanish”, there are other languages in different parts of this country which has seventeen autonomous regions each with their own flag and sometimes their own language. Gallego for example is the other language of Galicia. It is like a mixture of Spanish and Portuguese. In fact those from each country understand each other perfectly. There are many “schhhhh” sounds as vowels and consonants are softened. Thus when talking about the route to Finisterre and Muxía, the latter is pronounced Mushia. When walking through Galicia I’ve met older people who have only ever spoken Gallego and whilst they can of course understand Castellano they think that it is second class and the language of “Madrid” – the capital about which there is a national suspicion.
Then there is the language of Catalan from Catalonia which comprises four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. The capital city is Barcelona. Catalonia borders France and Andorra to the north, Aragon to the west, the Valencian Community to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the east. The official languages are Spanish, Catalan and Aranese. Catalan to my ear sounds vaguely French, less rough than Spanish and much less enthusiastically spoken. It is closely associated with Valenciá, and the languages of the Islands: Mallorquí and Menorquí for example.

It seems to me from pilgrims arriving at the office the proudest of their language and region are the people from the Pais Vasco or Vasconia – the Basque Country. The names on the credenciales look as if they have been written in a version of Greek. The region has struggled with ambitions to independence much the same as my own country Scotland and indeed when I explain where I am from their eyes often light up. “Hermanos primeros”, “first brothers” a pilgrim called us recently. The language of the Basque land is called Euskara. The main feature of this language is that whilst the others can trace their roots to Latin or Greek or for example Anglo Saxon, try as they have linguists cannot find any other living language even vaguely connected to Euskara. The people are very proud of this!

During the Franco regime all these different language of Spain were oppressed. Franco wanted national unity, “with a single language, Castilian, and a single personality, that of Spain.” Of course despite the oppression and banning of the use of different languages in schools this was doomed to failure much as the English banning of wearing tartan could never stamp out the fierce sense of nationhood of the Scots.

Whilst historically all of these differences in the lives of the people of Spain waxed and waned one constant was the national religion – Catholicism. On the surface Spain remains as much a Catholic country as it did in the time of the Spanish Inquisition. But let’s not go there! Although these days the country has become much more secularised and liberal in its laws and the opinion of its people the deep religious affinity and tradition of Spaniards can be seen in their names. In the pilgrims’ office seeing passport after passport this is striking.

Spanish names are universally in the same form: first name, father´s family name and then the mother´s maiden name. What is also very common is the influence of religion in the peoples’ names. This is particularly striking in the Office when we convert the names into Latin to write them on the Compostela. First there are the many names of Santiago, the patron Saint of Spain. Some men are called Santiago, others Jacobo or  Jaime. Others are called after Saints, Pablo for Paul, Pedro for Peter, Ignacio for Ignatius. The longest list though falls to the women who are named after one of the many titles of the Virgin Mary. This reflects the national respect for motherhood and family whether religious or not. In a morning in the office you will meet several, Mary of the Angels (Maria Angeles) one or two women called Adoración or Almudena, meaning both Mary the Adored and Mary of Almudena, after whom the Cathedral in Madrid is named. Then there is Amparo, Anunciación, Arancha, and Asunción. These are all common names meaning Mary the Refuge, Annunciation, Mary of Arancha, and Assumption. We haven’t even left the A’s on the list yet.
 Add to these very common Spanish names like Carmen and Pilar. Carmen is Mary of Mount Carmel. Pilar is short for Maria del Pilar is Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragoza. The pillar referred to is the jasper stone upon which Our Lady is said to have appeared to St James circa 40 AD in which she encouraged him to continue with his mission in Spain. This is said to have occurred while Our Lady was still alive and living in Jerusalem. The basilica in Zaragoza is considered to be the first Marian basilica in Christendom. The devotion to Maria del Pilar is the greatest of all devotions to Our Lady in Spain...add Belén (Mary of Bethlehem) Concepción, Dolores, Fátima, Encarnación, Inmaculada, Lourdes, Montserrat, Mercedes, Rosario and many, many others. So next time you hear a woman’s name in Spain, think where it comes from. This may be a very good conversation point. There are also names after events in the life of Jesus: Concepción, Visitación, Circuncisión are three examples. In this country calling someone Circumcision would raise eyebrows to say the least. Not so in Spain and I wrote down the lady’s name, Circuncisión Garcia Miguel Ramirez, as if it was an everyday occurrence.

Some of the religious connotations of well used names are obvious and so are the ways in which they can be constructed into longer names. You will hear many combinations of the following: Esperanza (hope) Jesús. Maria, José, Milagros (Miracles) Nazareno, Diosdado (God-given) and so on.

Some names are very descriptive Jose Manuel Miramontes – Joseph Emmanuel Lookingatthemountains.

Over the summer I started to write down my personal favourites but there were too many! However two in particular come to mind as the most florid relgious based names I have ever heard so have some sympathy if you meet Arceli Armero Garcia – Altar of Heaven Armero Garcia, or Maria a Refugio Espinilla de la Iglesia – Mary the Refuge Spine of the Church.

Sometimes I’m glad I’m just called Johnnie Walker. Cheers.

Wednesday, 20 October 2010

Back to the Camino Inglés

It has been such a busy week. There were big things going on with the organ and two family birthdays, one of which was mine. The latter was full of surprises. I’m tired and it has been cold of late as obviously winter is just round the corner. When I get like this my mind drifts to the freedom and beauty of the Camino. That will provide a perfect respite from the exhaustion of London, and in any event the guide to the Camino Inglés needs to be up dated. So, my flights are booked and I’m off for a week or so at the beginning of November.

I want to smell the sea air as I walk into Pontedeume across the long bridge, stroll along the country lanes, look out over scenes that could be in Ireland or Devon in England, have a picnic lunch by the river again, walk along the beach at Cabanas and talk to the many people in the fields along the way.
Over the summer I’ve had a number of e mails from pilgrims offering suggestions to improve the Guide. This is very gratifying because it is the only way the Guides can be kept up to date unless guidewriters walk the routes all the time which just isn’t possible. I like to think of the CSJ set of on-line guides as being in the collective ownership of all pilgrims because we can all make a contribution to keeping them accurate and useful for the next pilgrim to walk.
The list of Guides available on-line just gets longer! Go here and you will find Guides to:
The Route to Finisterre and Muxía
The Camino Portugues from Lisbon to Oporto
The Camino Portugues from Oporto to Santiago
The route from Madrid to Sahagun
The Tunnel Route
The Voie Littorale: Soulac to Hendaye
The Camino del Salvador

Now our friend Rebekah is working on a new guide to the Camino Invierno which will join the others. These Guides are available to download free of charge on the internet from anywhere in the world. All that is asked is that users consider making a donation. The Guides are available in PDF format so that they can be printed out like a booklet or in Word format so that pilgrims can read then discard all of the introductory information or add their own collected from other sources.
Our collective efforts with the Camino Inglés are paying off I think. For a long time it seemed to be the orphan cousin of the other routes but here is what appears to have happened:

In 2006 804 people walked from Ferrol, this increased to 1085 in 2006, 1451 in 2008 and last year 1793. Steady growth. However already this year the number of pilgrims on the Camino Inglés has risen to 5,344 by the end of September. The numbers for other routes in this Holy Year have roughly doubled so this is a very significant increase.
I have no doubt this is in part related to the existence of a good modern Guide book for the route. I take little credt for this as I simply updated the original work of Pat Quaiffe from some years before. What has really made the difference is the enthusiasm of pilgrims sending me comments and information which will be helpful to other pilgrims. Then professional translator and pilgrim Amancio wrote to me asking if he could “put something back” by translating the guide into Spanish. Only last week Momo, a professional Italian translator wrote to me asking the same question. Excellent. I’m very happy to encourage this. The only problem we have to overcome is where to host these guides and who will do the updating into Spanish, Italian etc in future. If any readers have bright ideas please let me know.
For now let me say thanks to Liz, and Rob and Mary and Ken who all sent me comments in the last year. I’d like to add a special word of thanks to the Younger family who I had the pleasure of meeting in the Pilgrims’ Office. They sent me line by line suggestions and improvements which makes the next edit much easier. Thank you.

I never cease to be amazed what this Camino can lead to. Last week I got an e mail from a young Italian lad telling me that he had walked the Camino Inglés as part of his university degree in photography. He produced his Camino Portfolio and was awarded a first class degree. Now he has been asked to do a book. I have asked him for some of his photographs so we can all see them.
Meanwhile as the first frost of the year descended on London last night and I can see drivers scraping their windscreens the sun is shining on a clear morning. Perfect walking weather. I hope it stays that way until I get to Galicia and back to the Camino Inglés.

Wednesday, 13 October 2010

The Letter to Santiago

For many pilgrims arriving in Santiago can be a bit of an anti-climax. Of course there is the excitement of reaching the final destination and the fascination with the pilgrim rituals of attending the Pilgrim Mass, hugging the Saint and visiting the tomb of St James. The old city is beautiful. It is typically medieval and the Cathedral and sprawling university buildings sit cheek by jowl. The narrow streets and lanes teem with students who fill the outdoor cafes to lazily watch the many street entertainers who busk around like the jesters of old. Often as I sit with them I see lone pilgrims, some still limping, making their way around the many museums and sights. To be honest at times some look forlorn. I’ve had that feeling myself.

On the Way each day brings new encounters. As we walk along local people frequently shout a greeting from the nearby fields where they are working. Farm workers near the trail take a well earned rest to engage in conversation. Pilgrims are always attracted to other pilgrims and when we meet each other the same questions are asked, “Where did you start?” “Where were you last night?” “Where are you going today?” “Is there fresh water nearby?” and so on. There something immediate about the bond between pilgrims and often a few hours of walking together on the route can lead to sustained friendships or more days of walking in each other’s company. People walk at different paces from each other. Or need to take a rest. That can lead to new found friends not seeing each other for hours or even days. But when friends are re-united at the side of the road or at an albergue or indeed in Santiago there is considerable joy. “It is like meeting an old school friend” is how one pilgrim described it, “although often it is hours you have spent together rather than years in the same classroom. The feeling is just the same”. On reaching Santiago these friendships are lost. People need to go home. Pilgrim friends come from different countries. Have different travel arrangements. Pilgrims on their own in Santiago can find this difficult.
Not so the group of 23 pilgrims from England who walked under the auspices of the Confraternity of St James from Oporto to Santiago by way of the coastal route. I’ve seen the pictures. The route is stunningly beautiful with hostal accommodation every 25 kms or so. There is definitely a new guide to be written!

8 of us met at Stansted Airport in London a couple of Monday’s ago to catch the early flight to Santiago to go and meet them. By the afternoon the welcome party was at their hotel to greet the arriving pilgrims.
Then they queued at the Pilgrims’ Office for their Compostelas. The staff was depleted with people leaving and so I helped for an hour or two until the Confraternity group passed through. They were delighted to have their certificates in their hands and everyone made for the Pilgrims’ Mass. There was a religious convention on in the town and there were 20 bishops and 100 priests, with organ and botafumeiro. Splendid. Then we made off for dinner which Santiago friends had helped me organise. The food came non-stop. Plate after plate. Fish, meat, croquets, shell fish, cold meats, more fish…and wine which seemed to be without end.
The next few days brought more meals together, visits around the town, a really excellent guided tour of the Cathedral and a beautiful and tranquil Eucharist held in the Church of Sar and led by Anglican Priests, Colin and Joan who had walked from Oporto.

Colin is the Chairman of the Confraternity and so it fell to him to give the Invocation. Many pilgrim groups do this. It is a greeting to St James proclaimed at the beginning of the Mass. Colin read the entire message (see below) in perfect Spanish.

Joaquin had been primed and the music transported to lo and behold the Mass ended with a fantastic rendition on the organ of that wonderful English hymn, Jerusalem. The pilgrims were delighted. All the more so when Joaquin invited them aloft to see the organ and visit the great galleries above where the medieval pilgrims slept. Joaquin demonstrated the organ but refused to let anyone leave before the entire group sang Jerusalem for him. To the sound of the great Cathedral organ the full throated voices sang: “And did those feet in ancient time, walk upon England's mountains green… “
It was a great week together despite some travel arrangements being disrupted by the one day General Strike. I could tell that in this group deep friendships have been formed. Perhaps we will all walk together again one day?

Here is their letter to St James:

The Confraternity of Saint James
in the United Kingdom
Xacobeo 2010 ~ Invocation

Glorious Apostle Santiago,

We come from the Confraternity of St James in the United Kingdom to give honour to you and praise to Jesus Christ Our Lord in this Jubilee Year of 2010.

Just as you were among the first disciples to follow Jesus, many centuries later we were the first Confraternity in the English speaking world to promote and support the pilgrimage to your shrine here in this great Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

We started from a small beginning. Six English people made the pilgrimage to your shrine in the Holy Year of 1982. They all shared a common desire to follow in the historic journey along the roads in England and France to come finally to your resting place in Santiago.

The Confraternity of Saint James was born in early 1983. Since that time it has worked ceaselessly to tell people in the English speaking world about the wonders of this great pilgrimage. Every year pilgrims are prepared carefully with practical advice and our well known Guide books and are helped to begin to understand the spiritual purpose of the journey.

We have been greatly blessed by the dedication and enthusiasm of the pilgrims who had the opportunity to experience the camino in the early days, when there were long stretches without albergues, without yellow arrows and other support. They gave their time, energy and money to write Guide books in English to the Camino Frances and the Le Puy route in France. Further Guides have been and are continuing to be published for many alternative routes in Spain, France and the rest of Europe.

The Confraternity is proud to have been first to develop close friendships with the local Spanish Amigos del Camino de Santiago de El Bierzo. Together we have developed the first joint refuge on the Camino frances, in the tiny village of Rabanal del Camino. Hospitaleros from all over the world have been offering Christian hospitality in the Refugio Gaucelmo for 21 years. This year we celebrated the arrivel of pilgrim number 110,000 at the refuge, which many pilgrims say is a ‘peaceful oasis’ on the busy camino.

In recent years the Camino Frances became so busy we decided to try to open a second albergue on the Camino del Norte. With the support of the Bishop in Lugo, and after raising sufficient funds by the personal efforts of many of our members, we were able to open the Refugio de Peregrinos de Miraz in that place in 2005. Five years later, in this Holy Year, we have worked with the Xestion do Plan Xacobeo to build a wonderful new extension to the refugio in order to be able to accommodate the increasing numbers of pilgrims desiring to visit your shrine at this special time.

Over the last 25 years we have had contact with many thousands of pilgrims. We continue to see in them the powerful spiritual renewal which pilgrimage to this place can inspire.

In this Holy Year we thank the Archbishop, the priests of the Cathedral and diocese, the staff of the Pilgrims’ Office and everyone in Santiago who welcomes and supports pilgrims.

The Confraternity of St James in the United Kingdom has had a close association with the foundation and development of several other societies. We bring you greetings in their names also: The Bredereth Sen Jago, which traces and walks pilgrim routes along in south-west England. The Irish Society of Friends of St James: for 1000 years Irish pilgrims have travelled to this holy place. The American Pilgrims on the Camino who are providing information and support to pilgrims. The Canadian Company of Pilgrims, representing the Canadians outside Québec who have a bond and commitment to the Camino to Santiago. They have contributed to the new facilities at the albergue in Miraz. The Confraternity in South Africa who continue to expand and develop.

We thank them for their work, and on behalf of all of us and we salute you for your example of faithfulness to the Gospels and dedication to our Saviour, Jesus Christ in whose name we pledge our continuing support for the pilgrimage to this place in the days to come.

Saturday, 2 October 2010

All the news and numbers too!

I’ve just got back from Santiago after an exhausting 5 days with pilgrims from the Confraternity of St James. 23 of them had walked up the coastal route from Oporto and 8 of us went out to join them. It was a week of fun. I’ll post some more stories and photographs in the next week. We had dinners, Masses, music, prayers, an address to St James in the Cathedral, songs around the organ and other hi jinks. More later.
First the news. Mari who runs the office in the afternoons and who got married last year is pregnant. She is overjoyed. You may also remember Susana who runs the Archicofradía. She also got married in the last year and yes, you’ve guessed it…she is also pregnant. Congratulations to them both. They are very happy indeed. Happy for them but worried about how to cope is Don Jenaro the Canon in Charge of Pilgrimages and the Office. I have assured him that I’ll help out when I can and that I promise not to take maternity leave.
In the Pilgrims’ Office there is a strange atmosphere. Most of the staff have either left or are leaving in the next few weeks and around 15 new people have been appointed to take over. All change. The pilgrims keep coming but in less numbers now.

Thursday was the last day of the “busy season” and one hour before closing I ran a report from the data base which is very interesting.

In the month of September 36,611 pilgrims arrived in the Office.

Therefore so far this year a staggering 227,442 pilgrims have been given Compostelas or Certificates.

This compares to 130,792 in the same period in 2009. Almost double.

Looking at departure points these comparative figures are for the months from 1st January to the 30th September for the years 2008, 2009 and this year.

Departure Point       2008    2009    2010

St Jean de Pied Port   13418  13206   14547
Roncesvalles               8184    9275     11505
Pamplona                   3839     3710     3594
Astorga                      4597     5004     6540
Ponferrada                 6076     7315     10930
O Cebreiro                7210      8739    18166
Sarria                        18906    24134   56759

Sarria clearly comes out on top as the most popular starting point just beyond the 100 kms distance to Santiago. I thought it would be interesting to look at the nationalities of people walking from Sarria. As I thought Spain represents over 78% of these pilgrims. Which is an increase of 10% on last year. The comparisons are:

Top three nationalities departing from Sarria in 2010

Spanish – 78.53%
Italian - 5.75%
Irish - 1.81%

Here is a full analysis of the 227,442 pilgrims who had arrived one hour before the office closed on 30th September 2010:

Countries and number of pilgrims

Spain 155569 (68,40%)
Italy 13187 (5,80%)
Germany 12508 (5,50%)
France 7656 (3,37%)
Portugal 6832 (3,00%)
United States 2718 (1,20%)
Ireland 2128 (0,94%)
Poland 1824 (0,80%)
Holand 1787 (0,79%)
United Kingdom 1712 (0,75%)
Brasil 1672 (0,74%)
Austria 1481 (0,65%)
Canadá 1412 (0,62%)
Belgium 1282 (0,56%)
México 1181 (0,52%)
Korea 1099 (0,48%)
Suecia 1072 (0,47%)
Suiza 904 (0,40%)
Australia 903 (0,40%)
Argentina 870 (0,38%)
Denmark 821 (0,36%)
Venezuela 696 (0,31%)
Hungría 633 (0,28%)
República Checa 604 (0,27%)
Finlandia 583 (0,26%)
Colombia 562 (0,25%)
Japón 552 (0,24%)
Eslovaquia 547 (0,24%)
Noruega 480 (0,21%)
Eslovenia 413 (0,18%)
Sudáfrica 249 (0,11%)
Ecuador 224 (0,10%)
Rumania 207 (0,09%)
Uruguay 194 (0,09%)
Chile 188 (0,08%)
Puerto Rico 186 (0,08%)
Perú 176 (0,08%)
Rusia 176 (0,08%)
Nueva Zelanda 172 (0,08%)
Andorra 166 (0,07%)
Lituania 123 (0,05%)
Bolivia 108 (0,05%)
Luxemburgo 108 (0,05%)
Estonia 101 (0,04%)
Israel 79 (0,03%)
Bulgaria 74 (0,03%)
Croacia 73 (0,03%)
Paraguay 60 (0,03%)
Grecia 55 (0,02%)
Rep. Dominicana 52 (0,02%)
China 46 (0,02%)
Ucrania 46 (0,02%)
Cuba 41 (0,02%)
Filipinas 41 (0,02%)
El Salvador 39 (0,02%)
Marruecos 38 (0,02%)
Guatemala 34 (0,01%)
Costa Rica 32 (0,01%)
Malta 32 (0,01%)
Panamá 32 (0,01%)
Rep. de Corea 30 (0,01%)
Letonia 24 (0,01%)
Nicaragua 23 (0,01%)
Swazilandia 23 (0,01%)
Albania 20 (0,01%)
Myanmar 20 (0,01%)
Taiwán 20 (0,01%)
India 18 (0,01%)
Singapur 17 (0,01%)
Turquía 17 (0,01%)
Islas Feroe 15 (0,01%)
Honduras 15 (0,01%)
Serbia 15 (0,01%)
Brunei 14 (0,01%)
Irán 14 (0,01%)
Pakistán 14 (0,01%)
Armenia 12 (0,01%)
Islandia 12 (0,01%)
San Marino 12 (0,01%)

Gender     Nº of pilgrims

Male          127229 (55,94%)

Female        100201 (44,06%)

Mode of transport   Number of pilgrims

On foot                     196941 (86,59%)
Bicycle                      29337 (12,90%)
Horseback                1111 (0,49%)
Wheelchair                41 (0,02%)

Motivation                Number of Pilgrims

Religious                     123914 (54,48%)
Religious and others     91379 (40,18%)
Not religious                12137 (5,34%)

Departure Point          Number of pilgrims

Sarria                           56748 (24,95%)
Cebreiro                      18212 (8,01%)
S. Jean P. Port             14628 (6,43%)
Tui                               14538 (6,39%)
Roncesvalles                11541 (5,07%)
Ponferrada                   10959 (4,82%)
León                            10309 (4,53%)
Astorga                        6564 (2,89%)
Ourense                       5791 (2,55%)
Oporto                        4850 (2,13%)
Ferrol                          4235 (1,86%)
Vilafranca                    4230 (1,86%)
Burgos                         3701 (1,63%)
Pamplona                     3612 (1,59%)
Valença do Minho        3438 (1,51%)
Oviedo - C.P.              3054 (1,4%)
Le Puy                         2713 (1,19%)
Rest of Portugal           2615 (1,15%)
Triacastela                   2560 (1,13%)
Irún                             2204 (0,97%)
Lugo - C.P.                 2141 (0,94%)
Sevilla                         1956 (0,86%)
Rest of C. León          1799 (0,79%)
Samos                        1738 (0,76%)
Vilalba                        1697 (0,75%)
France                        1685 (0,74%)
Ribadeo                      1623 (0,71%)
Oviedo                        1550 (0,68%)
Rest of Asturias           1233 (0,54%)
Santander                    1114 (0,49%)
Neda                           1084 (0,48%)
Somport                       925 (0,41%)
Logroño                       855 (0,38%)
Bilbao                          687 (0,30%)
Holand                         681 (0,30%)
Mondoñedo                 664 (0,29%)
Lisboa                          657 (0,29%)
Ponte de Lima              629 (0,28%)
Porriño                         616 (0,27%)
Zamora                        611 (0,27%)
Vigo                            608 (0,27%)
Avilés                          592 (0,26%)
Salamanca                   582 (0,26%)
Gijón                           576 (0,25%)
Madrid - C.F.             534 (0,23%)
Sahagún                      530 (0,23%)
Germany                     505 (0,22%)
Vega de Valcarce        498 (0,22%)
Rest of Asturias - C.P. 405 (0,18%)
Gudiña                         398 (0,17%)
Puebla de Sanabria       389 (0,17%)
Finisterra                      380 (0,17%)
Jaca                             345 (0,15%)
Rest of País Vasco       341 (0,15%)
Abadin                         334 (0,15%)
Baamonde                    330 (0,15%)
Frómista                       327 (0,14%)
Laza                             304 (0,13%)
Rabanal del Camino      288 (0,13%)
Muxia                           286 (0,13%)
Lourenzá                       275 (0,12%)
Fonsagrada - C.P.         261 (0,11%)
Carrión de los Condes   257 (0,11%)
S Domingo de la Calzada 249 (0,11%)
Rest of Cantabria            240 (0,11%)
Allariz                            235 (0,10%)
Bélgium                         222 (0,10%)
Verín                             207 (0,09%)
Braga                            206 (0,09%)
Puente la Reina             191 (0,08%)
Suiza                            185 (0,08%)
Lourdes                       184 (0,08%)
Hospital de Orbigo       183 (0,08%)
San Sebastián               182 (0,08%)
Rest C. León - V.P.     181 (0,08%)
Mérida                        171 (0,08%)
Xunqueira de Ambia    164 (0,07%)
Otros                           159 (0,07%)
Chaves-Portugal           159 (0,07%)
Granja de Moreruela     156 (0,07%)
R.Pais Vasco                147 (0,06%)
Zaragoza                      140 (0,06%)
A Guarda                     139 (0,06%)
Vezelay                        136 (0,06%)
Cataluña                       136 (0,06%)
Grandas de Salime C.P 134 (0,06%)
Arles                             133 (0,06%)
Hendaya                       127 (0,06%)
Valencia                        124 (0,05%)
Madrid                          123 (0,05%)
France                           117 (0,05%)
Fonsagrada                    116 (0,05%)
Montserrat                     113 (0,05%)
Barcelona                      111 (0,05%)
Rest Andalucia               110 (0,05%)
Cáceres                         102 (0,04%)
Estella                            101 (0,04%)
Murcia                           100 (0,04%)
Cadavo                          98 (0,04%)
Com. Valenciana            85 (0,04%)
Rest Galicia                    83 (0,04%)
Granada                         77 (0,03%)
Resto de Extremadura    76 (0,03%)
Navarra                         75 (0,03%)
Tineo - C.P.                   74 (0,03%)
Canfranc                        73 (0,03%)
Monforte de Lemos        73 (0,03%)
Grandas de Salime          72 (0,03%)
Austria                            66 (0,03%)
Rest Europa                    64 (0,03%)
Tineo                              62 (0,03%)
Molinaseca                     58 (0,03%)
París                               56 (0,02%)
Italy                                55 (0,02%)
Castilla la Mancha           53 (0,02%)
Córdoba                         50 (0,02%)
Com. Valenciana             46  (0,02%)
Rome                              31 (0,01%)
United Kingdom              25 (0,01%)
Poland                            20 (0,01%)
Denmark                        13 (0,01%)

Employement status Number of pilgrims

Employed                    52799 (23,21%)
Students                      43269 (19,02%)
Technical                     27616 (12,14%)
Self employed              23222 (10,21%)
Retired                        21013 (9,24%)
Teachers                     14926 (6,56%)
Civil servants               12898 (5,67%)
Manual workers          11711 (5,15%)
Housewives                 8733 (3,84%)
On state support          4964 (2,18%)
Directors                     1822 (0,80%)
Priests                         1376 (0,60%)
Artists                         1110 (0,49%)
Farm workers              803 (0,35%)
Religious orders           640 (0,28%)
Sailors                         337 (0,15%)
Sportsmen                   138 (0,06%)

Age Range    Number of pilgrims

30 - 60          131235 (57,70%)
< 30              68348 (30,05%)
> 60               27859 (12,25%)


Camino     Number of pilgrims

Camino Frances 159804 (70,26%)
Camino Portugues 28345 (12,46%)
Camino del Norte 14228 (6,26%)
Via de la Plata 12031 (5,29%)
Camino Primitivo 6245 (2,75%)
Camino Ingles 5344 (2,35%)
Muxia-Finisterre 666 (0,29%)
Other routes 572 (0,25%)